Monday, November 26, 2012

magical thinking

 ...magical thinking is "a fundamental dimension of a child's thinking." --Zusne and Jones

Magical thinking is a belief in the interconnectedness of all things through forces and powers that transcend physical connections. Magical thinking invests special powers and forces in things and sees them as symbols on various levels. According to anthropologist Dr. Phillips Stevens Jr., "the vast majority of the world's peoples ... believe that there are real connections between the symbol and its referent, and that some real and potentially measurable power flows between them." He believes there is a neurobiological basis for this, though the specific content of any symbol is culturally determined. ("Magical Thinking in Complementary and Alternative Medicine," Skeptical Inquirer, 2001, November/December.)


One of the driving principles of magical thinking is the notion that things that resemble each other are causally connected in some way that defies scientific testing (the so-called law of similarity, that like produces like, that effect resembles cause). Another driving principle of magical thinking is the belief that "things that have been either in physical contact or in spatial or temporal association with other things retain a connection after they are separated" (the so-called law of contagion) (James George Frazer, The Golden Bough: A Study in Magic and Religion; Stevens). Think of relics of saints that are supposed to transfer spiritual energy. Think of psychic detectives claiming that they can get information about a missing person by touching an object that belongs to the person (psychometry). Or think of the pet psychic who claims she can read your dog's mind by looking at a photo of the dog. Or think of Rupert Sheldrake's morphic resonance, the idea that there are mysterious telepathy-type interconnections between organisms and collective memories within species. (Coincidentally, Sheldrake also studies psychic dogs.)

According to psychologist James Alcock, "'Magical thinking' is the interpreting of two closely occurring events as though one caused the other, without any concern for the causal link. For example, if you believe that crossing your fingers brought you good fortune, you have associated the act of finger-crossing with the subsequent welcome event and imputed a causal link between the two." In this sense, magical thinking is the source of many superstitions. Alcock notes that because of our neurobiological makeup we are prone to magical thinking and that therefore critical thinking is often at a disadvantage.

Zusne and Jones (Anomalistic Psychology: A Study of Magical Thinking 2nd edition, 1989, p. 13) define magical thinking as the belief that
(a) transfer of energy or information between physical systems may take place solely because of their similarity or contiguity in time and space, or (b) that one's thought, words, or actions can achieve specific physical effects in a manner not governed by the principles of ordinary transmission of energy or information.
Three of the more obvious examples of magical thinking are astrology, Jung's notion of synchronicity, and Hahnemann's notion of homeopathy. Other examples would be applied kinesiology, graphology (Beyerstein), palmistry, and psychokinesis.

Other sciences have led us away from superstition and magical thinking; parapsychology, on the other hand, tries to lead us into it. Dean Radin, a foremost apologist for parapsychology, notes that "the concept that mind is primary over matter is deeply rooted in Eastern philosophy and ancient beliefs about magic." However, instead of saying that it is now time to move forward and give up the magical thinking of childhood, he rebuffs "Western science" for rejecting such beliefs as "mere superstition."

52 comments:

  1. This is really a great read for me. Thank you for publishing articles having a great insight stimulates me to check more often for new write ups. Keep posting!

    Clover
    www.n8fan.net

    ReplyDelete
  2. it is fabulous to have some great and awesome blog! I was like geez! Can’t wait to share this blog site to my friends the contents are very informative and useful.
    pebbles
    www.joeydavila.net

    ReplyDelete
  3. Great Resource and great site/engine.

    Bom
    www.imarksweb.org

    ReplyDelete
  4. Nice lake are going to be used by simply many places of interest. Everyone is obviously going ahead there as the location is a plus.

    ReplyDelete
  5. i read a lot of stuff and i found that the way of writing to clearifing that exactly want to say was very good so i am impressed and ilike to come again in future..drug defense attorney Miami

    ReplyDelete
  6. You may be offering a new incredible articles. At this time We’ve been ache plenty considering made for some type of very long time, We’ve have had missed out your blog. Concept are going to be additionally productive. dolor de cabeza

    ReplyDelete
  7. You will be delivering some sort of excellent remarkable, useful & extremely valuable information. finest would wish suitable for sharing!
    half up half down hairstyles

    ReplyDelete
  8. I like the ideas you gave us. In a party, food is important. You might want to add food catering in your ideas. I think that's convenient for you. study abroad free

    ReplyDelete
  9. Love it! Very interesting topics, I hope the incoming comments and suggestion are equally positive. Thank you for sharing this information that is actually helpful.


    ufgop.org
    ufgop.org

    ReplyDelete
  10. I really enjoyed reading your article. I found this as an informative and interesting post, so i think it is very useful and knowledgeable. I would like to thank you for the effort you have made in writing this article.


    edupdf.org

    ReplyDelete
  11. This is just the information I am finding everywhere. Thanks you, I just subscribe your blog.


    Yong
    www.gofastek.com

    ReplyDelete

  12. Thanks for sharing your article and for giving us the chance to read it. It is very helpful and encouraging. Visit my site too.

    triciajoy.com

    www.triciajoy.com

    ReplyDelete
  13. This blog is so nice to me. I will continue to come here again and again. Visit my link as well. Good luck
    http://www.jualobataborsiherbal.com/ obat aborsi
    http://www.jualobataborsiherbal.com/cara-menggugurkan-kandungan/ cara menggugurkan kandungan
    http://obataborsi59.com/ obat aborsi
    http://obataborsi59.com/cara-menggugurkan-kandungan-dengan-cepat-dan-aman/ cara menggugurkan kandungan
    http://obattelatdatangbulan.info/ obat telat datang bulan
    http://klinikobataborsi.com/ jual obat aborsi
    http://jualobatpenggugurkandungan.net/ obat penggugur kandungan
    http://tandatandakehamilan.net/ tanda tanda kehamilan

    ReplyDelete
  14. Thanks for the update. I really appreciate the efforts you have made for this blog.
    All the best !!!

    klinik raden saleh
    biaya aborsi klinik raden saleh

    ReplyDelete
  15. Call girl Haridwar
    Call girls Haridwar
    Call girl in Haridwar
    Call girls Haridwar
    Haridwar Call girls
    Call girl Dehradun
    Call girls Dehradun
    Call girl in Dehradun
    Call girls Dehradun
    Dehradun Call girls
    Call girl Gurgaon
    Call girls Gurgaon
    Call girl in Gurgaon
    Call girls Gurgaon
    Gurgaon Call girls
    Call girl Agra
    Call girls Agra
    Call girl in Agra
    Call girls Agra
    Agra Call girls
    Call girl Roorkee
    Call girls Roorkee
    Call girl in Roorkee
    Call girls Roorkee
    Roorkee Call girls
    Call girl rishikesh
    Call girls rishikesh
    Call girl in rishikesh
    Call girls rishikesh
    rishikesh Call girls

    Haridwar Call girls | Call girl Haridwar | Call girls Haridwar | Call girl in Haridwar | Call girls Haridwar | Call girl Dehradun | Call girls Dehradun | Call girl in Dehradun | Call girls Dehradun | Dehradun Call girls | Call girl Gurgaon | Call girls Gurgaon | Call girl in Gurgaon | Call girls Gurgaon | Gurgaon Call girls | Call girl Agra | Call girls Agra | Call girl in Agra | Call girls Agra | Agra Call girls | Call girl Roorkee | Call girls Roorkee | Call girl in Roorkee | Call girls Roorkee | Roorkee Call girls | Call girl rishikesh | Call girls rishikesh | Call girl in rishikesh | Call girls rishikesh | rishikesh Call girls


    https://rishikeshgirls.in/call-girls-in-haridwar/
    https://rishikeshgirls.in/call-girls-in-dehradun/
    https://rishikeshgirls.in/call-girls-in-gurgaon/
    https://rishikeshgirls.in/call-girls-in-agra/
    https://rishikeshgirls.in/roorkee/
    https://rishikeshgirls.in/

    ReplyDelete
  16. As stated by Stanford Medical, It is in fact the SINGLE reason this country's women get to live 10 years longer and weigh an average of 19 kilos lighter than we do.

    (And really, it is not about genetics or some hard exercise and really, EVERYTHING to do with "how" they are eating.)

    P.S, I said "HOW", not "what"...

    Click this link to discover if this little test can help you release your true weight loss possibilities

    ReplyDelete
  17. Hello, an amazing Information dude. Thanks for sharing this nice information with us. List Crawler

    ReplyDelete
  18. Hiring a proper book editor can make sure that your book makes it to publication in a more easy manner. WordsRu provides customized content to researchers for their thesis. Click below to know more
    Book Editor
    Book Editing Services
    Book Editing Services Australia

    ReplyDelete
  19. I thank you for the information and articles you provided

    ReplyDelete
  20. Thanks For sharing this Superb article.I use this Article to show my assignment in college.it is useful For me Great Work. 먹튀검증

    ReplyDelete
  21. You really make it look so natural with your exhibition however I discover this issue to be really something which I figure I could never appreciate. It appears to be excessively confounded and amazingly wide for me. I'm searching forward for your next post, I'll attempt to get its hang! 먹튀

    ReplyDelete
  22. I feel very grateful that I read this. It is very helpful and very informative and I really learned a lot from it 먹튀신고

    ReplyDelete
  23. This Post is providing valuable and unique information; I know that you take a time and effort to make a awesome article buy web traffic

    ReplyDelete
  24. I would like to thank you for the efforts you have put in writing this Magic Mesh Door Coverblog. I'm hoping the same high-grade blog post from you in the future also. Actually your creative writing abilities has inspired me to get my own screen door instant website going now. Actually blogging is spreading its wings and growing fast. Your write up is a great example 먹튀폴리스

    ReplyDelete
  25. Thanks for a very interesting blog. What else may I get that kind of info written in such a perfect approach? I’ve a undertaking that I am simply now operating on, and I have been at the look out for such info 먹튀검증

    ReplyDelete
  26. I got a web site from where I be capable of really obtain valuable information regarding my study and knowledge.
    Great Article… Good Job… Thanks For Sharing…

    Website:출장마사지

    ReplyDelete
  27. HI~We are a group of volunteers and starting a new scheme in our community..먹튀검증

    ReplyDelete
  28. HI~Hello.This article was really remarkable, especially because I was investigating for thoughts on this matter last Saturday검증사이트

    ReplyDelete
  29. DR EMU WHO HELP PEOPLE IN ANY TYPE OF LOTTERY NUMBERS
    It is a very hard situation when playing the lottery and never won, or keep winning low fund not up to 100 bucks, i have been a victim of such a tough life, the biggest fund i have ever won was 100 bucks, and i have been playing lottery for almost 12 years now, things suddenly change the moment i came across a secret online, a testimony of a spell caster called dr emu, who help people in any type of lottery numbers, i was not easily convinced, but i decided to give try, now i am a proud lottery winner with the help of dr emu, i won $1,000.0000.00 and i am making this known to every one out there who have been trying all day to win the lottery, believe me this is the only way to win the lottery.

    Contact him on email Emutemple@gmail.com
    What's app +2347012841542
    Website Https://emutemple.wordpress.com/
    Https://web.facebook.com/Emu-Temple-104891335203341

    ReplyDelete
  30. "all the time i used to read smaller articles or reviews that as well clear their motive, and
    that is also happening with this post which I
    am reading now." 슬롯사이트

    ReplyDelete
  31. "It’s really a nice and helpful piece of information. I’m happy that you
    shared this useful information with us. Please stay us informed like this.
    Thanks for sharing." 슬롯사이트

    ReplyDelete
  32. It's really great. Thank you for providing a quality article. There is something you might be interested in. Do you know 토토커뮤니티 ? If you have more questions, please come to my site and check it out!

    ReplyDelete
  33. Jual Obat Aborsi pills cytotec asli manjur untuk Cara menggugurkan kandungan usia 1 - 6 bulan gugur tuntas.
    Obat cytotec asli sangat efektif mengatasi telat datang bulan dan menjadikan anda gagal hamil , ObatCytotec adalah Obat aborsi manjur dengan kwalitas terbaik produk asli pfizer nomor 1 di dunia medis.

    ReplyDelete
  34. My dad was diagnosed with Parkinson's disease his symptoms were shuffling of feet,slurred speech, low volume speech, degradation of hand writing, horrible driving skills, right arm held at 45 degree angle, but now he finally free from the disease with the help of total cure from ULTIMATE LIFE CLINIC, he now walks properly and all symptoms has reversed, he had trouble with balance especially at night, getting into the shower and exiting it is difficult,getting into bed is also another thing he finds impossible.we had to find a better solution for his condition which has really helped him a lot,the biggest helped we had was ultimate life clinic they walked us through the proper steps,am highly recommended this www.ultimatelifeclinic.com to anyone who needs help.

    ReplyDelete
  35. Great web site. A lot of useful information here. I’m sending it to several friends ans also sharing in delicious. And obviously, thanks in your effort! 야설
    Feel free to visit my blog :
    야설

    ReplyDelete
  36. Very good information. Lucky me I recently found your website by accident I have book marked it for later!
    일본야동
    Feel free to visit my blog : 일본야동

    ReplyDelete
  37. This blog is very informative the stuff you provide I really enjoyed reading 국산야동
    Feel free to visit my blog : 국산야동

    ReplyDelete
  38. I am very happy to discover your post as it will become on top in my collection of favorite blogs 일본야동
    Feel free to visit my blog : e 일본야동

    ReplyDelete
  39. I have read your blog it is very helpful for me. I want to say thanks to you. I have bookmark your site for future updates.
    야설
    Feel free to visit my blog : 야설

    ReplyDelete